Health workforce Planning
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Term
Definition
Tag / Type
Column 4
1
Health workforce
All people engaged in the promotion, protection or improvement of the health of the population, and who are found eligible and obtained a valid registration to practice medicine in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in accordance with the Saudi Commission of Health Specialties
#General term
2
Workforce planning
Process of analyzing, forecasting, and planning workforce supply and demand, assessing gaps, and determining target measures and interventions to ensure that the country has the right skill mix and the adequate number of professionals employed
#General term
3
Stock-flow model
Discrete dynamical system capable of matching many stocks to many flows over time
#Algorithm
4
Stock
Accumulation, or a snapshot, of material or information that has built up in a system over; number of workers counted over a given time period time
#General term
5
Flow
Material or information that enters or leaves a stock over a period of time; movements in the number of workers
#General term
6
Workforce demand
Number of health practitioners that is expected to be required at a given moment of time in future to provide healthcare services to the KSA citizens and residents
#General term
7
Domestic students
Students admitted to medical colleges inside Saudi Arabia
#Component
8
Overseas students
Saudi students admitted to medical colleges outside Saudi Arabia, regardless of funding type and tuition source
#Component
9
Time series analysis
Statistical process of extracting signal or indicator data from variables moving over time
#Algorithm
10
Graduates
n individual who has successfully completed an education programme, according to the International Standard Classification of Education 2011.(UNESCO 2012a)
#General term
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Glossary - Indicators
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Name
Desc
Is disaggregation level
1
Accreditation mechanisms
Mechanisms and procedures for implementation of an accreditation process
No
2
Accreditation standards
Standards that guide health workforce education programme development and evaluation, facilitate
diagnosis of strengths and weaknesses relating to the education programme, and stimulate quality
improvement.
No
3
Accreditation systems
A system that is: based on standards; supported by a legislative or legal instrument; independent;
transparent; non-profit-making; accountable; representative of, but independent from all major
stakeholders; and efficiently administered.
No
4
Active health worker
One who licensed to practice and provide services to patients, In SCFHS we define them as whose registration is valid or less than year since their license has expired.
No
5
Activity level
For activity level the following categories are recommended:
practising health workers (main category, check
@Active health worker
).
professionally active health workers (main category, check
@Active health worker
).
health workers licensed to practise ( optional catergory if above two are not used, check
@Active health worker
).
Yes
6
Age groups
Age groups provided as in. > 25, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, ≤ 65
No
7
Childcare support
Financial support to parents to pay fees to childcare institutions (e.g. day-care centres, family day care) for the services they provide to them and their children.
No
8
Compensation of employees
The total remuneration, in cash or in kind, paid by an enterprise to an employee in return for work performed by the latter during the accounting period. It includes wages, salaries, and all forms of social benefits, payments for overtime or night work, bonuses, allowances, as well as the value of in-kind payments such as the provision of uniforms for medical staff.
Yes
9
Continuing professional development
Training that is beyond clinical update and includes wide-ranging competences like research and scientific writing; multidisciplinary context of patient care; professionalism and ethical practice; communication, leadership, management and behavioural skills; team building; information technology; auditing; and appropriate attitudinal change to ensure improved patient service, research outcomes, and attainment of the highest degree of satisfaction by stakeholders. The form of continuing professional development (CPD) may include: courses and lectures; training days; peer review; clinical audit; reading journals; attending conferences; e-learning activity. CPD may be included in national standards of conduct, performance and ethics that govern health workers.
Continuing professional development (mandatory)
National systems for continuing CPD may be voluntary or mandatory. Mandatory systems may include the requirement for both verifiable, and general and non-verifiable CPD. Verifiable CPD is activity that meets an agreed definition of CPD and for which there is documentary evidence that the health worker has undertaken CPD with concise educational aims and objectives; clear anticipated outcomes; and quality controls.
No
10
Cost
We can define it as an amount paid or spent to acquire an asset (fixed asset) or paid towards the creation of an asset (prepaid expense). It is usually a one-time payment (wikipedia definition) please check
@Expense
Categories of expenditure on health workforce: Wages and salaries; Social contributions; All other costs related to employees; Self-employed professional remuneration.(who doc)
No
11
Country of Training
The country where the practitioner had his/her training
Yes
12
Demonstrated capacity
Multidisciplinary human resource capacity available as required Demonstrated capacity at relevant levels of public health system (e.g. epidemiologist at national and intermediate level and assistant epidemiologist (or short course trained epidemiologist) at local level available)
No
13
Developed Capacity
Multidisciplinary human resource capacity available at national Developed capacity and intermediate level
No
14
Domestic trained health worker
A health worker who obtained his/her first qualification in the country where s/he is entitled to practise.
No
15
Dual practice
Multiple health-related practices by a health worker in the same or different sites. Dual practice in this sense may be public on public, public on private, or private on private
No
16
Enrolled / Enrolment
Number of new entrants in the first year of an education programme.
No
17
Expense
The expense can be defined as an amount paid or spent regularly towards ongoing to ensure revenue generation. It is spent annually and is reflected in the profit and loss statement (wikipedia definition)
18
Facility ownership
Which means the category of the facility whether it is public, private. WHO list includes: public, private not for profit, private for profit). referenced to institutional sector definitions of the System of National Accounts (SNA 2008).
Yes
19
Facility Type
Hospitals
Residential long-term care facilities
Providers of ambulatory health care
Ancillary services
transportation
emergency rescue
laboratories and others
Retailers
pharmacies
Providers of preventive care
No
20
Foreign-born health worker
A health worker born in a country other than the one in which s/he performs health-related activities.
No
21
Foreign-trained health worker
A domestic health worker who obtained his/her qualification (degree) in another country and is entitled to practise in the receiving country.
No
22
Gender
Yes
23
Graduate
An individual who has successfully completed an education programme, according to the International Standard Classification of Education
No
24
Health and social sectors in ISIC codes
Yes
25
Health workforce education and training institution
An established institution that provides education as its main purpose, such as a school, college, university or training centre. Such institutions are normally accredited or sanctioned by the relevant national education authorities or equivalent to award qualifications. Educational institutions may also be operated by private organizations, such as religious bodies, special interest groups or private educational and training enterprises, both for profit and non-profit. (UNESCO 2012a)
Types of health workforce education and training institutions are:
Public: Public educational institutions provide core educational services such as teaching activities and ancillary services. They include schools, colleges, universities, and training centres. They are controlled and managed directly by a public education authority or governing body (council, committee, etc.), the majority of whose members are appointed by a public authority.
Private: Private educational institutions provide core educational products such as teaching activities and ancillary services. They include schools, colleges, universities, and training centres, which are controlled and directly managed either by a private organization such as a church, trade union, or business enterprise, or by a governing board whose members have mostly not been selected by a public authority. Whether or not an institution is private is therefore a matter of management, not funding. A school, for example could in theory be entirely publicly funded but still be considered private because it is not managed by the government. In practice, for international comparability, any educational institution not managed by a government institution is classified as private.
No
26
Health workforce education and training place
A place may be offered, by a health workforce education and training institution, to an applicant who meets the published minimum admission requirements for a particular programme. The number of places denotes the capacity of an education and training institution and its programmes
No
27
Health workforce education and training programme
A “coherent set or sequence of educational activities or communication designed and organized to achieve pre-determined learning objectives or accomplish a specific set of educational tasks over a sustained period” with the objective to improve health knowledge, skills and competencies applied to health and enable the training of new health workers. Health workforce education and training programmes will often have a numerus clausus that restricts the number of places for a given programme. (UNESCO 2012a)
Yes
28
Health-care financing scheme
This is a structural component of health-care financing systems, and the main types of financing arrangement through which people obtain health services. Health-care financing schemes include direct payments by households for services and goods and third-party financing arrangements. Third-party financing schemes are distinct bodies of rules that govern the mode of participation in the scheme, the basis for entitlement to health services and the rules on raising and then pooling the revenues of the given scheme. Four broad categories of health-care financing schemes can be considered:
1. Government schemes and compulsory contributory health-care financing schemes
2. Voluntary health-care payment schemes (other than out-of-pocket)
3. Household out-of-pocket payment
4. Rest of the world financing schemes.
Yes
29
Higher education
Includes “all types of studies, training or training for research at the post-secondary level, provided by universities or other educational establishments that are approved as institutions of higher education by the competent State authorities”
No
30
HRHIS
human resource health information system
Yes
31
IHR
International Health Regulations (2005).
32
In-service training
A training received by health practitioner while practicing.
No
33
Institution ownership
Yes
34
Job vacancy
A paid post that is newly created, unoccupied, or about to become vacant: (a) for which the employer is taking active steps and is prepared to take further steps to find a suitable candidate from outside the enterprise concerned; and (b) which the employer intends to fill either immediately or within a specific period of time
No
35
@Job vacancy
rate
The proportion of total posts that are vacant according to the definition of the job vacancy, expressed as a percentage of total positions, both filled and unfilled.
No
36
Leave entitlements to care for sick family members
Entitlements to leave, sometimes paid, for employees with a child, partner, parent or other family member who is in need of care because of illness.
No
37
Limited Capacity
Multidisciplinary human resource capacity (epidemiologists [or questioned specialty], Limited capacity veterinarians, clinicians and laboratory specialists or technicians) available at national level
No
38
Medical fields
Medicine and Surgery
Dentistry and Related Specialties
Health Administration and Community Health
Laboratories and Medical Technology
Nursing and Midwifery
Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians
Technicians and Health Assistants
Therapy and Rehabilitation
Yes
39
National level
Yes
40
Nationality
Yes
41
Newly active health worker
A health worker who starts activity in the given year in the given profession, that is, who receives his/her registration from the SCFHS for the first time
No
42
No capacity
No multidisciplinary human resource capacity available to No capacity implement the named specialty.
No
43
Not applicable
An indicator does not support disaggregation
Yes
44
Occupation
The concept of occupation is defined as a “set of jobs whose main tasks and duties are characterized by a high degree of similarity”. A job is defined as “a set of tasks and duties performed, or meant to be performed, by one person, including for an employer or in self employment”. Preferably, National Health Workforce Accounts should cover health and health-related occupations grouped according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations . (International Labour Organization 2012, International Conference of Labour Statisticians 2013)
Yes
45
Official development assistance
Flows of official financing administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries as the main objective, and which are concessional in character with a grant element of at least 25% (using a fixed 10% rate of discount). By convention, official development assistance (ODA) flows comprise contributions of donor government agencies, at all levels, to developing countries (bilateral ODA) and to multilateral institutions. ODA receipts comprise disbursements by bilateral donors and multilateral institutions. Lending by export credit agencies – with the pure purpose of export promotion – is excluded.
No
46
Parental leave
Employment-protected leave of absence for employed parents, often supplementary to maternity and paternity leave, and frequently, but not in all countries, follows the period of maternity leave.
No
47
Part-time employment
Persons in employment (whether employees or self-employed) who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job.
No
48
Pre-service education
All mandatory educational activities occurring before graduates enter into service, i.e. excluding all education and training activities done
@In-service training
and continuing professional development.
No
49
Primary object of attack
Persons, infrastructure, vehicles and other health-related items that have been subjected to violence, obstruction or the threat of violence. Object types are grouped as follows:
Health-care facility – hospital, clinic or health post
Heath-care provider – physician, nurse, midwife, vaccinator, and other health-care workers including laboratory workers, health care security personnel, and maintenance or cleaning staff
Health-care transport – ambulances and any other health-care transport
Health-care recipient – patients or visitors.
Yes
50
Public expenditure
Expenditure from public funds. Public funds are state, regional and local government bodies and social security schemes. Public capital formation includes publicly-financed investment in facilities plus capital transfers to the private sector for construction and equipment.
No
51
public/private (OoP/ODA/other)
Yes
52
Qualified educator
Educators with the minimum academic qualifications required to teach a subject at the relevant level in a given country
No
53
Remuneration
Average gross annual income, earned by employees or those self-employed, i.e. income per year and per person, before any deductions are made for social security contributions or income tax. A person may have more than one qualifying job in any given reference period.
Income earned by employees (earnings) refers to all payments – in cash or in kind, for work done or time worked – made by their employers, and includes basic wages, overtime and other bonuses, such as for night work, work on weekends or other unsocial hours, all allowances paid by the employer, such as for working away from home or for housing, and all commissions and gratuities paid by the employer. Employers may be the government, corporations, non-profit institutions or households.
Income earned by self-employed workers refers to all payments, in cash or in kind, made by customers for goods or services, and includes capitation or fee-for-service reimbursement, bonuses, commissions, and gratuities. It should be net of operation costs/practice expenses.
54
Retention Period
Average number of practicing years for a health worker in Saudi health sector market with a valid registration.
55
Social accountability
The obligation of an authorized body to direct its education, research, and service activities towards addressing the priority health concerns of the community, region, and/or nation it has a mandate to serve. (Boelen and Heck 1995)
No
56
Social determinants of Health
The conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life. These forces and systems include economic policies and systems, development agendas, social norms, social policies and political systems. (WHO 2008b)
57
Specialties
Yes
58
Status in employment
One of two categories of the total employed:
(a) wage and salaried workers (employees): workers who hold a job defined as “paid employment”, with explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work, and
(b) self-employed workers: workers who, working on their own account or with one or more partners or in a cooperative, hold a “self-employment job”, i.e. one in which the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced.
Yes
59
Student
A person not economically active who attends any regular educational institution, public or private, for systematic instruction at any level of education.
No
60
Subnational level
In our case it is regions/districts. taken into consideration the location of where does a health worker works.
Yes
61
Sustainable capacity
Capacity to send and receive multidisciplinary personnel within Sustainable capacity country (shifting resources) and internationally
No
62
Total expenditure on health care
Current health expenditure plus capital investment in health-care infrastructure
No
63
Total expenditure on the health workforce
The sum of expenditures on compensation of employees
(FP.1): wages and salaries
(FP.1.1); social contributions
(FP.1.2); all other costs related to employees
(FP.1.3); self-employed professional remuneration
(FP.2). Expenditure on mandatory continuing professional development should be included within social contributions. please check
@Total public expenditure on health workforce education
No
64
Total public expenditure on health workforce education
Current and capital expenditure expressed as a percentage of gross national income (or gross national product) in a given financial year. This indicator shows the proportion of income spent by government authorities on health workforce education over a given financial year. This can also be calculated based on gross domestic product.
No
65
Total public health expenditure
Current public health expenditure plus capital investment in health-care infrastructure.
No
66
Transformative (health workforce) education
The sustainable expansion and reform of health workforce education and training to increase the quantity, quality and relevance of health workers, and in so doing strengthen national health systems and improve population health outcomes.
No
67
Tuition fee
Money that students pay to a health workforce education and training institution for their teaching.
No
68
Turnover rate
Ratio of health practitioners who have left the health sector labour market during the current year (
@WF Leavers
)to average number of
@Active health worker
of the current and the last year.
No
69
Unemployment
All persons of working age who are qualified for a job, are not in employment, have carried out activities to seek employment during a specified recent period, and are currently available to take up employment given a job opportunity.
No
70
@Unemployment
rate
The number of persons unemployed as a percentage of the labour force (i.e. total number of people employed and unemployed)
No
71
WF Leavers
A health worker who decides to discontinue his registration with the SCFHS, that is, that who has expired license for more than a year.
There are no rows in this table
Glossary types
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Medical Field - Profession
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Name
Definition
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1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
Nursing and Midwifery
6
6
Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians
7
7
Technicians and Health Assistants
8
8
Therapy and Rehabilitation
There are no rows in this table

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