When must the spider take account of the place or setting and the weather in spinning the web?
How does the spider spin a temporary spiral, and what is its purpose?
What details does Richards stress to show that the orb-webs are “masterpieces of construction”?
At which points in his description does Richards pause to give additional information or comment on the process?
Suggestion for Writing
Make several observations of a natural process similar to the one Richards describes—for example, a bird building a nest, a grasshopper leaping through the grass, a dog swimming, or an ant moving a grain of sand. Then write a description of the process, explaining your terms and the steps of the process for readers unfamiliar with it.