The diagram below is a sub-model of the AAS framework.
At T1 which is an early time point, the complexity of anticipation is high and the complexity of performance is low. For the startup activity, T1 is about strategy formation.
At T2 which is a middle time point, the complexity of anticipation reduces to medium level and the complexity of performance rises to the medium level. For the startup activity, T2 is about the market-product fit.
At T3 which is a late time point, the complexity of anticipation reduces to low level and the complexity of performance rises to high level. For the startup activity, T3 is about the take-off stage.
Based on the model, we developed a new tool called the Defining Zone which identifies five critical themes for managing the Anticipation - Performance complexity.
Each developmental theme can be understood as a guiding question.
On Nov 19, 2021, I developed the following typology of Relevance.
The above typology uses four unit of analysis:
Intrapersonal Relevance: the Other is potential, not actual.
Interpersonal Relevance: the Other is actual, but the “Self — Other” is not considered as a whole.
Transactional Relevance: the Other is actual, and the “Self — Other” is considered as a whole.
Collective Relevance: the Other is pervasive, not proximal. The “Self — Other” relationship is understood as “Self — Group”.
The core of the framework is three aspects of Other.
Potential v.s. Actual
Independent v.s. Dependent
Proximal v.s. Pervasive
If a person doesn’t have direct interaction with real other people, he considers if his work or actions are relevant to predecessors or any other people. Then, this means Intrapersonal Relevance. For example, I am comparing my typology with Schutz’s typology while I am writing this article. Since Schutz is a predecessor to me, he can’t respond to me. I can’t have direct interaction with him. However, the Potential aspect also considers contemporaries. For example, there are many contemporary researchers who study Schutz’s theoretical thoughts. Now I don’t have any direct interaction with them, but I could have direct communication with them in the future.
Interpersonal Relevance refers to direct interactions for getting feedback from others. At this situation, the Other is actual, but the “Self — Other” is not considered as a whole since they don’t share reciprocity of motives. How can a person get good feedback from others? It depends on Relevance from the Other’s perspective. We can adopt Schutz’s typology of Relevance to understand Other’s Relevance. For example, If I want to get good feedback for my work on the D as Diagramming project, I need to consider my writing style for audiences. If I share a particular article on Linkedin and mention some contacts, I need to consider if these contacts are relevant to the article.
Transactional Relevance is about dependent relationships and interactions. The Other is actual, and the “Self — Other” is considered as a whole. and they share reciprocity of motives. In this situation, the person and Other share reciprocity of motives, challenges, background knowledge. If we adopt Schutz’s typology of Relevance, it has high relevance in both of three types: Motivational relevance, Thematic relevance, and Interpretational relevance.
Collective Relevance considers Other as a pervasive group, not a particular person or several people. The “Self — Other” relationship becomes the “Self — Group” relationship. This refers to Schutz’s social domains of relevance.
In Over Our Heads focuses on the fit or lack of fit between what the culture demands of our minds and our mental capacity to meet these demands. According to Robert Kegan, “The psychological phenomenon is the evolution of consciousness, the personal unfolding of ways of organizing experience that are not simply replaced as we grow but subsumed into more complex systems of mind…The cultural phenomenon is the ‘hidden curriculum,’ the idea that to the list of artifacts and arrangements a culture creates and the social sciences study we should add the claims or demands the culture makes on the minds of its constituents.”(1994, p.9)
Kegan’s “psychological — cultural” dialogue approach is the seed of my ideas about the above three types of freedoms. It’s clear that I want to expand the “psychological — cultural” dialogue to the “psychological — biological” dialogue and the “cultural — biological” dialogue.
For more details about Life Discovery Activity, you can check out
I adopt the concept of Opportunity as a mediation and redefined it as a formula below:
Opportunity = From a perspective (X), You (U) could do things (Y) with an object (Z).
For the Opportunity Formula, each color refers to a particular meaning.
Opportunity: Green. It refers to hope and growth.
X: Blue. It refers to rational thinking.
U: Red. It refers to passion and purpose.
Y: Yellow. It refers to social practices.
Z: Green. It refers to ecological context.
From the perspective of the Ecological Practice approach, the concept of Opportunity is both subjective and objective. The objective aspect refers to the ecological context which means an objective reality. The subjective aspect refers to a person’s attitude, knowledge, skills, and situation.
The Achievement Chain
The Achievement Chain is inspired by the following theoretical resources:
The Activity System Model(Yrjö Engeström,1987): Subject — Outcome.
The evolving systems approach to the study of creative work (Howard E. Gruber, 1974,1989): By-product.
The constructive — developmental approach (Robert Kegan, 1982, 2009): The Evolving Self.
By-product is a normal phenomena for experienced individual workers and teams. In his study of Charles Darwin, Howard Gruber (1974) showed that even a great scientist embraces by-productive thinking in his creative work process.
In contemporary knowledge work activities, there are many ways to generate by-products. Activity theorists also claim that a mediation of an activity can be transformed into an object of a new activity.
Some models are used by the Life Discovery Toolkit (v1.0) and Life Discovery Canvas too.
Life Curation Toolkit - Dec 2019
In Dec 2019, I had a discussion with a friend about her career development. In order to share my insights from the perspective of the Ecological Practice approach and Curativity Theory, I made a file titled Life Curation.
The file offers a toolkit for Life Curation Activity. It has the following modules: