Different realms of computing

icon picker
Web / cloud

Web / cloud

Web development is split into 2 topics

Front-end (how the website/app looks. The user interface)
Javascript with React is the industry standard and also most intuitive way to learn.
Back-end (storing data in the cloud, connecting users to information and files, connecting users to each other)
Javascript, Python, C#, Go, and Java are popular options.
SQL, GraphQL, and related languages for storing and retrieving data from a database

Coding languages for students to learn

Typescript (it’s Javascript with some additional things to make it harder to make mistakes but less simple to get started. Anywhere Javascript works, Typescript also works.)

Important libraries to learn

React (to create UI elements for websites/apps. Learning this, students will automatically learn HTML and CSS. Those don't need to be explicitly taught)

Important concepts for high school students to learn

How to fetch data from third party APIs and data sources
This data is usually in JSON format
How to interpret data and filter only the information that you need
How to write a function that runs in a cloud server
How to make a persistent connection for chatting or realtime collaboration (like Google docs)
How to make a website/app UI that is attractive
How to make a website/app UI that updates when new data is available (ex load new images for a photo gallery, or new news articles when the user scrolls)
Event-driven programming (callbacks, promises).
Ex “run this code once you get the data from the cloud. You can do other stuff in the meantime”

Important tools used in industry

Cloud service to host files and run code
Amazon Web Services
Most commonly used. So many options that it becomes confusing for new learners. Documentation isn't great, but a lot of third-party tutorials.
Google Cloud Platform
Easier to use than AWS but a lot of similar confusion for novices. Documentation is better in some places and worse in others. Fewer online examples
Microsoft Azure
Somewhere in between AWS and Google Cloud Platform.
Cloudflare (Workers)
Some features of Cloudflare are confusing to think about
BUT Cloudflare Workers (their platform to run code in the cloud) is really easy well-documented, has a lot of good examples by Cloudflare, and can be tested in the browser, so it's potentially easier to teach students.
All platforms have good free tiers for students but Cloudflare’s is especially generous
Apps to write code
VS Code is really popular
Some other editors like Atom and Brackets exist but they're really similar and less popular.
Replit. A purely web-based editor, so you don’t need to install anything on your local computer. Coders still need to learn how to use the command line / terminal. Replit can also host apps and run the code
Apps to design products
Figma is now the industry standard for designing app mockups. It is free to use in education and can run in the browser.

Read next:

Want to print your doc?
This is not the way.
Try clicking the ⋯ next to your doc name or using a keyboard shortcut (
) instead.