GDPR | eIDAS Requirements and Roadmap

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QES Requirements

Last edited 58 days ago by Jamie Heindl

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Certification by a Qualified Trust Service Provider (QTSP): A QES must be created using a digital certificate issued by a QTSP. This provider is certified and supervised by governmental bodies to ensure compliance with strict standards.
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Secure Signature Creation Device (SSCD): The signature must be created using a secure device that ensures the signer has sole control over their signature creation data, like a private key. This can be a hardware device like a smart card or a software-based solution with equivalent security measures.
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Unique Identification and Authentication: The signer must be uniquely identified and authenticated by the QTSP. This usually involves stringent identity verification processes.
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Link to the Signer’s Identity: The signature must be uniquely linked to the signer and capable of identifying the signer.
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Data Integrity: The signature must be created in a way that any subsequent change in the data can be detected (tamper-evident).
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Non-repudiation: The signature should ensure non-repudiation, meaning it cannot be reasonably denied by the signer.
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Compliance with Local and International Standards: The QES must comply with standards set by relevant authorities. In the European Union, this means adherence to the eIDAS regulation. Other regions may have different standards and regulations.
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Time Stamping: Often, a qualified electronic signature will include a time stamp that indicates the exact time of the signature. This is crucial for legal and audit purposes.
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Document Integrity: Once signed, the document should be sealed so that any alteration to its content can be detected.
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Revocation Mechanism: There should be a mechanism to revoke the digital certificate if it’s compromised or no longer required.
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Audit Trails: Maintain records of the signing process, including how the signature was created and verified.
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Legal and Regulatory Compliance: Ensure that the QES process complies with the specific legal requirements of the jurisdiction in which it will be used.
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QES Notes

ID Verification:
Certificate Authority: (note: that many of the CA’s will have competing products that we will want to be mindful of when we have these conversations.)
Example provider for QES/AdES: eIDeasy
Guides:
API Documentation (eSeal is the software for QES Signing with an SSCD (req. 2 above):

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