Micronesia (region)

Republic of Kiribati

Background info
The Republic of Kiribati is an island nation consisting of one island and 32 atolls. Almost the entire land holdings of the nation do not reach over 2 meters above sea level. Many houses are regularly flooded. The villagers simply live with the water. This country of 811 km2 is actively seeking solutions for a better future. The doom which approaches the archipelago requires them to prepare for the inevitable. The head of state, Anote Tong, bought 20 square kilometers from Fiji for 6.4 million euros. This is the exodus for what is currently the only safe solution.
Given the Republic’s low-lying geography, almost all of the entire nation is on schedule to be completely submerged by 2100. The entire nation must relocate to purchased property in Fiji lands before that happens. Two of the nation’s islands have already gone under, two atolls were taken off the map by the UN in 1999.
While the nation is not submerged yet, the settlements are already subject to frequent ocean flooding brought on by turbulent weather systems and high sea levels. These floods are already causing significant damage to local infrastructure, and spread toxins and hazardous materials caught in surge.
In Kiribati, almost every household (94%) was impacted by natural hazards over the preceding 10 years, with 81% of them indicating that they had been affected by sea-level rise.
In Kiribati, most migration is currently from the outer islands to the capital of South Tarawa, intensifying existing overcrowding and water shortages. There is very little international migration which could act as release valve for this situation.
Relation to climate crisis
Due to climate change the tides are rising, flood have occurred,
Changes in ecological landscapes - due to mining, tourism and climate change
Predictions for climate change in North Australia - higher temperatures, sea-levels rising, more extreme cyclonic events, storm surges...
Sea levels rose 7-10 mms per year along the northern coastline 1993-2009 and 21-30 mms on the southern and eastern coastlines
Drop in numbers of certain animal and plant species
Climate changes have impacted on community health and well-being
Climate changes would potentially force the Yolngu People from their homes
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