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Auriane MEILLAND
Climate action
Charlotte DEBEUF
Affordable and Clean Energy
Emilie ETIENNE
Affordable and Clean Energy
Miguel felipe SILVA VASCONCELOS
Affordable and Clean Energy
TITLE
“Is every country taking its fair share?” A survey on international climate justice
FULLNAME
Auriane MEILLAND
ATTEND_CONFERENCE_PHYSICALLY
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UNIVERSITY
Université Paris-Saclay
DEPARTMENT
Economics
TOPTHEME
Energy for all
THEME
Climate action
PROPOSAL
Proposal
Demande_Meilland-Auriane.pdf
PRESENTATION
upload presentation (PDF only)
Sorbonne-DD(1).pdf
DATE
4/21/2021 10:30 AM-10:55 AM
LANGUAGES
English
SUMMARY PRESENTATION
To open the cell, click on the arrow (bottom right corner)
Since the 2015 Paris Agreement, the approach on international climate equity has been bottom-up, with the production of voluntary contributions by Parties. The construction of a judgement on these contributions' fairness needs to result in a trade-off between legitimacy - acknowledging as many existing visions of climate equity as possible - and conclusiveness. In this exploratory study, we use survey techniques in the original perspective of empirical social choice: we observe individual judgements and values from citizens to provide insights on building a legitimate collective judgement. Both in France and in the United States, we elicit people’s adhesion to general equity principles, and judgements on illustrative theoretical cases as well as some countries’ existing contributions. We then discuss the robustness and legitimacy of our results.
LISTKEYWORDS
1 united nation framework convention climate
2015 paris agreement
absence common understanding fair judgement country targets approach
adhesion general equity principles
bottom
broader climate equity considerations actors
citizens
clear preferences
collective judgements
common differentiated responsibilities
comprehension fair ndc france united states
conclusive tension two constraints
consensus citizens representatives
consistent differences
contributions
countries
data
definition fair rule share burden
deliberative instances
different characteristics
effort sharing rules
either information
empirical social choice climate equity considerations
equal per capita emissions reduction emissions percentage countries
equity rule judgement rules
equity rules
evaluation
every actor
every country
every country
 Show 55 more
CLOUDWORD
QUESTIONS
Approach
Is every country taking its fare share? Use normative data (survey) from France and the US to evaluate the fair character of individual contributions.
Goals
we aim at providing insights for a legitimate collective judgement on what a country’s fair Nationally Determined Contributions should be
Solution evaluated
Policy-oriented: we provide first insights on how citizens perceive equity rules to assess the fairness of countries’ NDCs, in order to legitimize or improve some of them. This approach could then inform other situations at different scales - how to share emissions reduction among regions, sectors, businesses and improve their acceptability
Comments
It is suprising to see that France and the US citizens have relatively similar perceptions. What are your hypothesis to explain this convergence of collective judgements?

This morning we had 4 very interesting presentations on the energy for all thematic, first by Auriane Meilland who estimate how people from different countries can value or not the different public policies that could challenge climate change. For the moment, it seems that people from France and the USA, people representative of those countries, agree on a cosmopolitan policy with a shared responsibility between all countries. As pointed by Emilie Etienne, Americans and French share the same opinion, it will be really interesting to know what it will be when the questions will be asked to Chinese or Indian, as planned by Auriane Meilland.


Remarks
Paris Approach is bottom up approach
set by country itselt
Policy improve conclusiveness without mititgate ambition
solution legitimate stakeholder
Methodology: survey
randomized results
Result:
should be determinate at the international level
in both countries: all countries should tackle climate change
largest favoured principle
convergence
operational grandfathering
coordination game
No results about the share of countribution

Questions during session
Is the respondents representative of the population => treated vs non treated group
Results probably bias
It is suprising to see that France and the US citizens have relatively similar perceptions. What are your hypothesis to explain this convergence of collective judgements?
did you investigate whether there were differences by gender, age or other variables? (and not only the country of residence) ?


ID Card Theme Energy for all
The dashboard below breaks down the data from the
4
student in the group
STUDENTS
Emilie ETIENNE
Auriane MEILLAND
Charlotte DEBEUF
Miguel felipe SILVA VASCONCELOS
CLOUDWORD_FR
[  ]
CLOUDWORD_EN
UNIVERSITY
COUNTRY
DEPARTMENT
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