The Crisis and Compromise of 1850
Wilmont Proviso: 1846
If we acquire any land from Mexico in the Mexican War, the land should be banned from slavery(Mexican Cession) Some people said not to worry about it because they believed slavery had reached its natural limit and couldn’t spread any further(weak argument and people will find a way to make slaves do anything) Northern stand: Congress can make slavery illegal in that area Southern stand: they feel that they are being discriminated against by being prohibited from moving to this area if they want with their slaves An idea that was tossed around was the idea that the 36-30 line could be extended They come to the conclusion that they are going to let people vote on how they wanted the territory to be (Stephen A. Douglas is a huge advocate for popular sovereignty) We did win the war and get the land
Election of 1848
The Democrats are running Lewis Class The Whigs are running Zachary Taylor: general who won a lot of battles on the border; his platform was based on the fact that he was a war hero; no political history The Free Soil Party runs Martin Van Buren with Vice President Charles F. Adams The Free Soilers believe that slavery should be banned in the new territory Zachary Taylor(whig) wins the election
Crisis of 1850
California Gold Rush happens(1849) and people flock to California and the population spikes Because California’s population is spiking, there are questions about California becoming a state and whether it would be a free or slave state Zachary Taylor suggests skipping the territorial stage and goes straight to applying for statehood Southerners want to create a fugitive slave law to make it easier to get back runaway slaves Abolitionists want to ban slavery in Washington D.C. as sort of a symbolic thing
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay(the great compromiser) California comes into the country as a free state This throws off the balance of free versus slave states This would settle border of Texas and New Mexico The slave trade would be banned in Washington D.C. The issue of slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty The South gets a fugitive slave law to make it easier to go get runaway slaves John C. Calhoun: senator from South Carolina who believes the southerners shouldn’t have to make any compromises because he believes they are doing nothing wrong Jefferson Davis and William Seward are on Calhoun’s side Zachary Taylor dies in office and the Vice President, Millard Fillmore, takes over Millard Fillmore signs the compromise
Election of 1852
The whigs run Winfield Scott: general, and legend in the army; platform runs on the fact that he’s a war hero The Democrats(largely in favor of the compromise) runs Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce wins the election
There was opposition to the Fugitive Slave Act because Northerners thought it was immoral Northerners were breaking slaves out fo jail and keeping them in the North This was infuriating to the Southerners because the North was not holding their end of the bargain Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe: 1852 This book discouraged slavery and helped gain support for abolitionists; piece of propaganda
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