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Unit 3, Elementary

Common Verbs
0
Frase
Explanation
Traducción
1
to get up at 7.30 a.m.
rise from bed after sleeping at 7.30 a.m.
levantarse a las 7.30 am
2
to get up early / late
rise from bed after sleeping before/after the usual
levantarse temprano / tarde
3
to go to work
move to place u are working in
ir a trabajar
4
to go to bed early
to lie down to sleep before the usual time
ir a la cama temprano
5
to go out a lot
to leave your house to do something nice
a menudo pasar tiempo al aire libre / salir a caminar / salir a la ciudad
6
to have a bath / shower in the morning
wash yourself after you are waking up
tomar un baño / ducha por la mañana
7
to have breakfast / lunch / dinner
to eat something at morning/day time/evening
desayunar / comer / cenar
8
to have lunch at home / in a cafe
To eat meal around midday at home or outside
cenar en casa / en un café
9
to live in a house / flat / city
to spend life in a particular place
vivir en una casa / departamento / ciudad
10
to live with my parents / friends
to share house with you mom and dad/ friends
vivir con padres / amigos
11
to study very hard / English / at university
To work very hard at studying english/in university
estudiar diligentemente / inglés / en la Universidad
12
to work in an office / at home / for a big company
activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or result
trabajar en una oficina / en casa / para una gran empresa
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Telling the time
0
Frase
Traducción
Numeros
1
eight fifty-five / five to nine
ocho cincuenta y cinco / cinco a ocho
8:55 / 20:55
2
five o’clock
cinco horas
5:00 / 17:00
3
one thirty / half past one
la una y media
1:30 / 13:30
4
seven forty-five / quarter to eight
siete cuarenta y cinco / quince a ocho
7:45 / 19:45
5
ten twenty / twenty past ten
diez y veinte / diez y veinte minutos
10:20 / 22:20
6
two fifteen / quarter past two
las dos y quince / quince minutos despues de dos
2:15 / 14:15
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Places in town
0
Frase
Explanation
Traducción
1
beach
an area of sand or small stones near the sea or another area of water
playa
2
block of flats
a large building that has several or many apartments
edificio de apartamentos
3
cinema
a theatre where films are shown for public entertainment
cine
4
park
a large public garden or area of land used for recreation
parque
5
restaurant
a place where people pay to sit and eat meals that are cooked and served on the premises
restaurante
6
shopping center
a group of shops with a common area for cars to park
centro comercial
7
small shops
a place where you can buy goods or services
tiendas pequeñas
8
street market
an outdoor market such as traditionally held in a market square or in a market town
mercado callejero
9
supermarket
a large self-service shop selling foods and household goods
supermercado
10
swimming pool
an artificial place with water for swimming in
piscina
11
site
an area of ground on which a town, building, or monument is constructed
visión
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Other
0
Frase
Explanation
Traducción
1
city
a center of population larger or more important than a town or village
ciudad
2
(at) lunchtime
the time in the middle of the day when lunch is eaten
(en) el almuerzo
3
(at) midday
the middle of the day; noon
(al) mediodía
4
(at) midnight
the middle period of the night
(a) la medianoche
5
(at the) weekend
Saturday and Sunday
(a los) fin de semana
6
to close
stops being open to the public for a period of time
cerrar
7
to finish
bring to an end; complete
terminar
8
(in the) afternoon
the period that starts at about twelve o'clock or after the meal in the middle of the day and ends at about six o'clock or when the sun goes down:
(después) del almuerzo
9
(in the) evening
the period of a day from the end of the afternoon to the beginning of night
por la tarde
10
(in the) morning
the early part of the day, before noon
en la mañana
11
(on) weekdays
any day of the week except Sunday and Saturday
(en) días laborables
12
to open
ready to provide a service or not closed
abrir
13
to start
to begin doing something
empezar
14
a town
a area usually larger than a village but smaller than a city
ciudad (pequeña)
15
a village
a group of houses and other buildings in the countryside
pueblo
16
to prioritize
to decide which of a group of things are the most important so that you can deal with them first
priorizar
17
to rent
pay someone for the use something
renta
18
commute
travel some distance between one's home and place of work on a regular basis
ir / volver del trabajo
19
miserable
very unhappy and unpleasant
miserable
20
to be good at
to be able to do something so easily that you do not need to think about it
ser fuerte en algo
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