Jazz was impacted during World War II. It was more difficult for musicians to move around due to the rationing of gasoline and rubber. There were also fewer buses and the trains were occupied by the servicemen. Many of the ballrooms were closed and the production of musical instruments came to a halt. Many of the musicians joined the war and some were killed during battle.
In 1944, Glenn Miller got permission to form a 50 piece band and go to England to perform for the troops. This was to boost the moral of the troops as well as bring something to remind them of home.
Though during his war efforts Glenn Miller and the Army Air Force Band flew to Paris and were lost on the way. This declared them Missing in Action.
For the Sailors, Airmen and Marines that were unable to listen to the live performances, The War Department and studios collaborated to create V-Discs. These would be recorded by many singers, big bands and orchestras primarily for the war.
During World War II music was a sort of moral boost for the soldiers, they were able to relax for a minute listening to the music that reminded them of home. Music was also used as propaganda for the United States, musicians like Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters would record “Don’t Fence Me In” which sold a million copies. Overall, Jazz played an important part during World War II, boosting moral and reinforcing the American spirit.
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