Student lab learning workbook for programming Java with Visual Studio Code GOLD Version


This lab is designed to teach you how to program in Java using Visual Studio Code. We will cover the basics of setting up your development environment, creating a new Java project, writing and running a simple Java program, and using some of the advanced features of Visual Studio Code.


Before starting this lab, you should have some basic knowledge of programming concepts and experience with a programming language. You should also have Visual Studio Code installed on your computer and the Java Extension Pack installed in Visual Studio Code.

Setting up your development environment

Install the Java Development Kit (JDK) on your computer if you haven't already done so. You can download it from the Oracle website.
Install Visual Studio Code on your computer if you haven't already done so. You can download it from the Visual Studio Code website.
Install the Java Extension Pack in Visual Studio Code. You can do this by clicking on the Extensions icon in the sidebar, searching for "Java Extension Pack", and clicking the Install button.

Creating a new Java project

Open Visual Studio Code.
Click on the Explorer icon in the sidebar.
Click on the New Folder icon to create a new folder for your project.
Right-click on the new folder and select "Open with Code".
Click on the Terminal menu and select "New Terminal".
In the terminal, type javac --version to make sure that the JDK is installed and configured correctly.
In the terminal, type java --version to make sure that the JRE is installed and configured correctly.
In the terminal, type mkdir src to create a new directory for your source code.
In the terminal, type code . to open the current directory in Visual Studio Code.
In Visual Studio Code, click on the Explorer icon in the sidebar.
Right-click on the src directory and select "New File".
Name the file "".
In the editor, type the following code:
javapublic class HelloWorld { public static void main(String[] args) { System.out.println("Hello, World!"); }}
Save the file.

Running a simple Java program

In the terminal, type cd src to change to the src directory.
In the terminal, type javac to compile the program.
In the terminal, type java HelloWorld to run the program.
The output "Hello, World!" should be displayed in the terminal.

Using advanced features of Visual Studio Code

Debugging: Visual Studio Code includes a powerful debugger for Java. To use it, set breakpoints in your code by clicking on the line number in the editor, then click on the Debug icon in the sidebar and select "Run" to start debugging.
Code completion: Visual Studio Code includes code completion for Java. To use it, start typing a keyword or method name and press Ctrl+Space to see a list of suggestions.
Refactoring: Visual Studio Code includes refactoring tools for Java. To use them, right-click on a variable or method name and select "Rename" to rename it throughout your code.


In this lab, you learned how to program in Java using Visual Studio Code. You learned how to set up your development environment, create a new Java project, write and run a simple Java program, and use some of the advanced features of Visual Studio Code. With this knowledge, you can start exploring more advanced Java programming concepts and building more complex Java applications.

The complete Java code and pom.xml and all the configuration steps needed to make the Java ChatGPT client. This lab is specific to Visual Studio Code tooling
Start by creating a new Maven project in Visual Studio Code.

Step 1: Creating a new Maven Project

Open Visual Studio Code.
Press Ctrl+Shift+P to open the command palette.
Type Maven: Create Maven Project and select it.
Select maven-archetype-quickstart, which is the standard layout for a Maven project.
Follow the prompts to set the groupId, artifactId, and version for your project. groupId generally refers to the organization or company name (for example, com.example), artifactId is the name of your project (for example, chatgpt-client), and version is the version of your project (for example, 1.0-SNAPSHOT).
Choose a directory to save your project, and then select the "Open in new window" option when prompted.
After following these steps, you should have a new Maven project with a pom.xml file and a standard directory structure for a Java project.

Step 2: Adding Dependencies to pom.xml

We will use the Apache HttpClient library to make HTTP requests and the Jackson library to handle JSON. Add these dependencies to your pom.xml file:
xmlCopy code<dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId> <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId> <version>4.5.13</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId> <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId> <version>2.12.3</version> </dependency></dependencies>

Step 3: Writing the Java Code

We will create a ChatGPTClient class that communicates with the OpenAI API.
javaCopy codeimport java.util.*;import org.apache.http.*;import org.apache.http.client.methods.*;import org.apache.http.impl.client.*;import org.apache.http.entity.*;import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.*;
public class ChatGPTClient { private static final String API_URL = ""; private static final String API_KEY = "YOUR_OPENAI_API_KEY"; public String sendChatMessage(String message) throws Exception { // create the HTTP client CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault(); // create the HTTP POST request HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(API_URL); httpPost.setHeader("Authorization", "Bearer " + API_KEY); httpPost.setHeader("Content-Type", "application/json"); // create the request body Map<String, Object> requestBody = new HashMap<>(); requestBody.put("prompt", message); requestBody.put("max_tokens", 60); // convert the request body to JSON String jsonRequestBody = new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(requestBody); // set the request body to the HTTP POST request httpPost.setEntity(new StringEntity(jsonRequestBody)); // execute the HTTP POST request CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpPost); // get the response body HttpEntity responseEntity = response.getEntity(); String jsonResponseBody = EntityUtils.toString(responseEntity); // convert the response body from JSON Map<String, Object> responseBody = new ObjectMapper().readValue(jsonResponseBody, Map.class); // get the chat message from the response body String chatMessage = (String) responseBody.get("choices").get(0).get("text"); // return theI'm sorry, the response was cut off accidentally. Here's the remaining part of the Java code:
```java // return the chat message return chatMessage; }}
This ChatGPTClient class has a method sendChatMessage that sends a chat message to the OpenAI API and returns the response from the API. This is a very basic implementation. In a real-world application, you would want to handle exceptions and edge cases properly, and you would probably want to separate the concerns of HTTP communication and JSON handling into separate classes or methods.
Also, please replace YOUR_OPENAI_API_KEY with your actual OpenAI API key.

Step 4: Using the ChatGPTClient

You can use the ChatGPTClient class in your application like this:
javaCopy codepublic class Main { public static void main(String[] args) { try { ChatGPTClient client = new ChatGPTClient(); String response = client.sendChatMessage("Translate the following English text to French: 'Hello, how are you?'"); System.out.println("Response: " + response); } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } }}
This Main class has a main method that creates a ChatGPTClient, sends a chat message to the OpenAI API, and prints the response from the API.
To run this program, you can use the java command in the terminal:
bashCopy codemvn compilemvn exec:java -Dexec.mainClass="Main"
Remember to replace "Main" with the actual package and class name of your main method. For example, if your main method is in a class Main in a package com.example, then you would use -Dexec.mainClass="com.example.Main".
These are the basic steps to create a Java client for the ChatGPT API using Maven and Visual Studio Code. From here, you can expand this basic client to meet the specific needs of your application. For example, you could create a user interface for sending chat messages, or you could integrate this client into a larger application.

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