should answer a specific research question and make a testable prediction about what you expect to discover. It should be grounded in past knowledge, including theories and research from other studies.
A good hypothesis should also be well-focused, concise, and relevant to the topic at hand. It should clearly separate the independent and dependent variables, and link them together to the predicted relationship type.
Best Practices for Formulating a Hypothesis
A hypothesis is a statement that explains your research's predictions and reasoning--an "educated guess."
It should be based on previous observations, existing theories, scientific evidence, logic, and facts. It also needs to be testable so that you can validate it through scientific research methods.
Hypothesis writing can be challenging and complex, especially when you’re new to it. That’s why you can consider reverting to professional help from
, you should not just report about your sources; you should synthesize and rephrase them to create your own voice. For this reason, you should focus on themes and issues that connect your sources together. For example, you might pick a theme such as new findings, improved methodologies, or questions for further research.
The Role of Variables in Hypothesis Development
During hypothesis development, it is important to understand the
. They are a central part of all experimental research and can be either independent or dependent. A variable is any measurable characteristic or property of a person or thing that can take on different values. In contrast, characteristics that do not vary are constants. There are two kinds of variables - categorical and continuous. Categorical variables are those that are selected from a number of possible categories, like gender and age. Discrete variables are numerical values that you can realistically count while continuous ones can be any value, such as time. Depending on your study, it is critical to understand the difference between independent, dependent, and confounding variables.
Testing Your Hypothesis
As you conduct your research, carefully consider the variables that you plan to measure. If you want to test a specific hypothesis, you must ensure that your variables are well-defined and that they influence each other in an unambiguous way. Once you have your variables defined, you can start