Catalytic Capital Investment: $1 million PRI* from MacArthur Foundation; other first-fund investors include Bank of America, Citibank, Deutsche Bank, First Union (now Wells Fargo), MetLife, and MBNA America Bank.
Focus on portfolio approaches rather than stand-alone projects to mobilize investors at scale. Portfolio approaches are preferred for three key reasons:
Only a small number of stand-alone projects are a suitable ticket size for private investors. Aggregating multiple projects can achieve the required critical mass.
Diversification across projects reduces risk and risk-return variance for investors. Indicatively, the Big 3 rating agencies’ methodologies allow for a two-notch upgrade for diversification across multiple borrowers in Non-Investment Grade Countries – that is, a portfolio of “B” projects can be enhanced to “BB-,” simply through diversification. In countries with very high country risk (e.g. Low-Income Countries), diversification across multiple countries is highly beneficial.
Bundling transactions accelerates taking transactions to market and lowers transaction costs as compared to individual projects.
In a joint paper published in April 2020 by Convergence and UK DFID entitled “
,” we attribute the strong capacity of commercial banks to participate in blended transactions as arrangers and distributors to their ability to leverage expertise which deal originators, institutional investors, and catalytic capital providers can connect. B2T looks to structure impact-agnostic commercial capital and impact-driven concessional capital into replicable institutional-caliber blended finance investment products that solve the climate emergency and other critical development goals. from different divisions (e.g., debt capital markets, asset management, research) and broader global networks and subsidiaries. For example, financial institutions with established networks in developing countries are more familiar with the processes for underwriting and sourcing opportunities in those contexts and are therefore better positioned than their counterparts whose networks remain in developed markets. A recent example of a commercial bank’s increasing involvement in development finance is the