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A strongly defined, highly compatible specification of Markdown

What is Markdown?

It’s a plain text format for writing structured documents, based on formatting conventions from email and usenet.

Who created Markdown?

It was . Gruber wrote the first markdown-to-html converter in Perl, and it soon became widely used in websites. By 2014 there were dozens of implementations in many languages.

Why is CommonMark needed?

John Gruber’s does not specify the syntax unambiguously.
In the absence of a spec, early implementers consulted the original Markdown.pl code to resolve these ambiguities. But Markdown.pl was quite buggy, and gave manifestly bad results in many cases, so it was not a satisfactory replacement for a spec. Markdown.pl was last updated December 17th, 2004.
Because there is no unambiguous spec, implementations have diverged considerably over the last 10 years. As a result, users are often surprised to find that a document that renders one way on one system (say, a GitHub wiki) renders differently on another (say, converting to docbook using Pandoc). To make matters worse, because nothing in Markdown counts as a “syntax error,” the divergence often isn’t discovered right away.
There’s no standard test suite for Markdown; is the closest thing we have. The only way to resolve Markdown ambiguities and inconsistencies is , which compares the output of 20+ implementations of Markdown against each other to see if a consensus emerges.
We propose a standard, unambiguous syntax specification for Markdown, along with a suite of comprehensive tests to validate Markdown implementations against this specification. We believe this is necessary, even essential, for the future of Markdown.
That’s what we call CommonMark.
Markdown Logo

Who are you today?

We’re a group of Markdown fans continually working toward the vision of CommonMark — a standard, interoperable and testable version of Markdown.
John MacFarlane, jgm@berkeley.edu
Martin Woodward, martinwoodward@github.com
Jeff Atwood, jatwood@codinghorror.com

Who were you in 2014, when this started?

We’re a group of Markdown fans who either work at companies with industrial scale deployments of Markdown, have written Markdown parsers, have extensive experience supporting Markdown with end users – or all of the above.
John MacFarlane, of Pandoc
David Greenspan, of Meteor
Vicent Marti, of GitHub
Neil Williams, of Reddit
Benjamin Dumke-von der Ehe, of Stack Overflow / Stack Exchange
Jeff Atwood, of Discourse

How can I help?

Exercise our , or in your preferred environment or language. Provide feedback!
If a CommonMark implementation does not already exist in your preferred environment or language, try implementing your own CommonMark parser. One of our major goals is to , and to eliminate the many old inconsistencies and ambiguities that made using Markdown so difficult. Did we succeed?

Where can I find it?

The CommonMark specification.

Reference implementation and validation test suite on GitHub.

Public discussion area and mailing list via .

Quick reference card and interactive tutorial for learning Markdown.

Live testing tool powered by the reference implementation.

When is the spec final?

The current version of the CommonMark spec is quite robust after many years of public feedback.
There are currently CommonMark implementations for , and the following sites and projects have adopted CommonMark:
Stack Overflow / Stack Exchange
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