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ATP

The full name for ATP is adenosine triphosphate and it’s one of the nucleotides. Nucleic acids such as (RNA and DNA) are built from nucleotides.

RNA is built from ribose and DNA is built from deoxyribose.

All nucleotides contain the following components: Nitrogenous Base(adenine), pentose sugar and a phosphate group. When energy is needed, the third phosphate group is broken down by hydrolysis and it’s catalysed by an enzyme called AT Paste.

As a result, Adenine Di phosphate and phosphate are formed. About 34KJ of energy is released and it needs energy input. The energy needed to form ATP comes from catabolic reaction (reduction reaction).

ADP and ATP are molecules that store and release energy for various cellular processes. ATP has more energy than ADP, because it has an extra phosphate group attached to it. Plants use photosynthesis to convert ADP to ATP by adding a phosphate group, using the energy from sunlight. Plants and animals use aerobic respiration to convert ATP to ADP by breaking off a phosphate group, releasing energy for their metabolism.
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