The term bust comes from the French word buste or the Italian busto. It denotes the sculpture or statue from the chest and upwards. The face, neck, shoulders, and a part of the chest are visible on a bust.
have a long history, first seen in Roman times. The Romans used busts to honor the Gods, the rich, famous, and dead. These busts were replicas of how the person looked in real life. Over time, busts became popular as memorial statues. Nowadays, these are not limited only to the famous. People get busts sculpted when their loved ones pass away to the other world.
So what are these busts made of?
Busts were earlier made using hard marble. If you see an old
, the statue was likely made from hard marble. However, bonded marble is being extensively used to make busts.
What is a Bonded Marble?
Bonded marble is a mix of 80–90% marble powder and 10–20% resin. The marble powder is not but a byproduct of cutting hard marble in quarries. Instead of throwing away this powder, it is sold to sculptors to create bust statues. Bonded marble is also known as cold-cast marble, dry cast marble, and cultured marble.
Why Use Bonded Marble for Bust Sculpture?
Bonded marble gained popularity for several reasons-
It is affordable and cost-effective compared to hard marble. This allows more people to get a customized bust of their loved ones.
It is easier to work on and allows sculptors to create fine details, which are not always possible when working with hard marble. Bonded marble busts are more precise and reflect the finesse of the artist.
Bonded marble busts have a natural finish with a high-quality smooth appearance. Many times, we cannot even tell the difference between a bust made of hard marble and bonded marble.
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