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Vocabulary for the week 2

Helping
volunteer - a person helps others without being paid
donate - to give money or goods to other people or organizations
charity - a system to give money, food, clothes, free help, etc to those in need I give clothes I don’t wear anymore to charity.
fundraiser- an event to raise money for a specific purpose; especially charity We are having a fundraiser to send the students to Europe.
nonprofit - not to make a profit; money
social worker (- a person who works for an organization to help and support people who need it She is a social worker who helps sick people.
Red Cross -an organization that helps people who suffer from hunger, disease, or other problems
food bank - a place where food is given to people that need it;
homeless shelter - a place where homeless people can go temporarily to live
Discrimination
Racism-the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Ageism-prejudice or discrimination against a particular age-group and especially the elderly
Sexism-prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex.
Homophobia-dislike of or prejudice against homosexual people
Transphobia-intense dislike of or prejudice against transsexual or transgender people.
Migration--movement from one country or part of a country to another.
Multiculturalism-the presence of, or support for the presence of, several distinct cultural or ethnic groups within a society.
Diversity-the condition of having or being composed of differing elements; the inclusion of different types of people (such as people of different races or cultures) in a group or organization
Stereotype-a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
Prejudice-preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
Discrimination-the unjust or wrongful treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
Genocide- the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
Equality-is having same opportunities and rights.
Gender

Jobs
barman / barmaid = bar staff
businessman / business woman = business person
chairman = the chair / chairperson
fireman = firefighter
foreman = supervisor
policeman / policewoman = police officer
salesman = sales rep(resentative)
waiter / waitress = server
actress = actor
authoress = author
maid = cleaner
stewardess / hostess = flight attendant / cabin crew
Words with man
mankind = humanity / people
to man = to operate
manmade = synthetic / artificial
manpower = staff
the man in the street = the average person
Terms of address in letters
Dear Sir / Madam = Dear + name / surname, OR Dear + initial + surname
Alternatively, you can use a collective noun such as “Dear colleagues”, “Dear partners”, etc
Transportation
commute – travel some distance between one's home and place of work on a regular basis.
lane – a division of a road marked off with painted lines and intended to separate single lines of traffic; a narrow rural road
cycle lane – part of a road marked off with painted lines, for use by cyclists
bus lane – part of a road marked off with painted lines, for use by buses
bypass / ring road / beltway – a road which circles a town or city and enables you to go faster from one point to another.
freeway / highway / expressway – a public road, often with multiple lanes, especially an important road that joins cities or towns together
overpass – a bridge that carries one road over another road
junction – where two roads meet
roundabout – a road junction at which traffic moves in one direction around a central island to reach one of the roads converging on it
traffic light – a set of automatically operated red, amber and green lights for controlling traffic at road junctions and pedestrian crossings
traffic jam – a line of vehicles moving very slowly or not at all
Collocations:
to be caught in traffic / a traffic jam
- Mayuree missed her train after getting caught in traffic on the way to the station.
to get stuck in traffic / a traffic jam
- I nearly always get stuck in a traffic jam on my way to work.
Dating
Ghosting- This is perhaps the most recognizable word that has arisen from online dating – although the act itself existed long before the dawn of dating apps.
Textlationship-Some people manage to have an entire relationship without ever meeting, only exchanging messages. Most dating apps of course encourage their users to meet in real life as soon as they feel comfortable, to avoid a lingering textlationship.
Slow Fade-The slow fade is similar to ghosting, except more drawn-out. This is where someone you are chatting to or seeing gradually cuts you off, making less and less effort with being in touch.
Cuffing Season- This term refers to the winter months where people who would usually be happily single or casually dating supposedly adopt a preference for being in a committed relationship.
DTR-This is an acronym for ‘define the relationship’ – a new phrase which is the equivalent of having ‘the chat’ about where your relationship is heading.
Benching-Also known as bread-crumbing, benching is when someone you have been seeing stops agreeing to meet, but continues to contact you over message and social media. These people are essentially keeping you on the bench while they play out their other options. Beware a flame who keeps you in limbo this way!
Haunting-This is where a romantic interest who previously ghosted you has now reappeared, but without direct contact. Instead, they’ll like or follow your social media posts, haunting you in cyberspace to remind you they still exist.
Talking- When someone tells their friends they are talking to a girl or guy, it usually means they are dating them, but casually.
FBO-To some, the pinnacle of online dating: FBO stands for Facebook Official. This of course involves changing your Facebook relationship status to mirror your newly confirmed relationship.
Netflix & Chill-If a partner asks you to ‘come over for Netflix & chill’ you can guarantee that the TV won’t be on for long!
Thirsty- If someone is ‘thirsty’ they are very needy for attention, to the point of desperation.
Shopping
Window shopping - Looking at items on sale, not buying
On sale - For sale at a reduced price
There are some nice apples on sale in that shop.
In cash/ by card - Use cash or credit card to purchase something
Outlet mall - Both have many stores in one location.
Take something back - Return an unwanted item to a shop
Grocery shopping - Shopping for food items
Get a refund - Get money back after returning an item
Price tag - A label showing the price of an article
Shop around - Compare prices in before buying
A bargain - Excellent value for an item or purchase
What a bargain? - Buy something for much less than normal
Age
coy-not wanting to give away information about yourself
pull an all-nighter-stay up all night to finish something
anti-aging-designed to stop you looking older
ageism-discrimination against people because of their age
senior citizen-an elderly person

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