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The art of photography: the rules of composition

Aperture
- the small hole at the front of a camera, which can be made larger or smaller to let more or less light in when you take a photograph
Shutter speed
- the length of time for which part of a camera is open to allow light to reach the film when a photograph is being taken
ISO
- a camera setting that will brighten or darken a photo
Focus
- the clearness of the picture
Contrast
- the difference between the shadows and lights of an image
Bokeh
- a blurred effect used in photography
Composition
- the manner in which elements are positioned in a photo
Shutter release
- the button you press to take the picture
Manual mode
- the camera mode in which the photographer controls all settings
Burst mode
- the mode in which the camera will continue snapping photos as long as you hold the button down
Histogram
- the visual representation of the luminance of an image
Focal length
- the distance in millimeters between the lens and the image it forms
File format
- the way your camera lens will record the image or image file (e.g. RAW, JPEG, etc.)
Viewfinder
- the hole you look through to take the picture
White balance
- the setting which defines what the color white looks like in specific lighting conditions

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