Fear in the brain

The circuitry of fear - particular cellular mechanisms in the human brain that control fear.
Cognitive - of, relating to, being, or involving conscious intellectual activity (such as thinking, reasoning, or remembering)
Reactive - occurring as a result of stress or emotional upset
To be susceptible to sth - easily affected, influenced, or harmed by something
Fight flight or freeze response - three types of how a person reacts to threat: fight - to aggressively confront the threat, flight - to try to escape from danger, and freeze - to find yourself unable to move or act.
Defensive (behaviour) - devoted to resisting or preventing aggression or attack.
(Pavlovian) fear conditioning - a method by which organisms are taught to be afraid of something by associating it with stimuli.
To deflate (one's fears) - to reduce in size, importance, or effectiveness
Suppression (of fear response) - the act of preventing something from being expressed or known.
To overcome - to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something
Anxiety - an uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something that is happening or might happen in the future.
Phobia - a type of anxiety disorder (= a mental illness that makes someone very worried and affects their life) that involves an extreme fear of something
The fear network = the amygdala - a network of structures in the brain that trigger the stress response.
Neurotransmitters: norepinephrine, dopamine, GABA - biologically active chemicals, by means of which an electrochemical pulse is transmitted from a nerve cell through the synaptic space between neurons.
Amygdala - one of two parts of the brain that affect how people feel emotions, especially fear and pleasure.
Hippocampus - a part of the brain that is part of the limbic system and is important for memory.
To spiral out of control - to continuously become worse, more, or less.

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