Prefrontal cortex - the gray matter of the anterior part of the frontal lobe that is highly developed in humans and plays a role in the regulation of complex cognitive, emotional, and behavioural functioning
Auditory cortex - a sensory area of the temporal lobe associated with the organ of hearing
Cerebellum - a large dorsally projecting part of the brain concerned especially with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium, situated between the brain stem and the back of the cerebrum, and formed in humans of two lateral lobes and a median lobe
Hippocampus - a part of the brain that is part of the limbic system and is important for memory
Corpus callosum - a wide strip of nerve fibres that connects the two halves of the brain
Cortex - (pl) cortices - the outer layer, especially of the brain and other organs.
mental alertness - a state of wakefulness, awareness, mindfulness, and a willingness to act or react.
Cyclothymic - relating to or being a mood disorder characterized by alternating episodes of depression and elation in a form, less severe than that of bipolar disorder
Bipolarity - being, characteristic of, or affected with a bipolar disorder
Manic–depressive illness - a mood disorder characterized by periods of depression and periods of abnormally-elevated mood that last from days to weeks each.
memory disorders - disorders connected with memory
Dementia - a medical condition that affects especially old people, causing the memory and other mental abilities to gradually become worse, and leading to confused behaviour
Aphasia - a medical condition that makes a person unable to speak, write, or understand speech or writing because of damage to the brain
The non-dominant hemisphere - the part of the brain having less control over certain functions
Motherese or child-directed speech - the simple form of language mothers often use when talking to their babies
Minor and major chords - in music, major chords sound happy and that minor chord sounds sad.
Neurodegenerative influences - involving the nerves gradually stopping working
Cerebral rhythms - patterns of massive neuronal activity associated with specific behaviors
Seizure - a sudden attack, esp. of a disease such as epilepsy
Stroke - a sudden cerebrovascular failure usually caused by arteriosclerosis, hypertension, embolism, or hemorrhage and resulting variously in impaired vision and speech, coma, convulsions, paralysis, etc.