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Moodle Accessibility

Refer to the following considerations to ensure an accessible and inclusive Moodle course for your students
The Guidance table below provides the basic dos and don’ts to make your Moodle course more accessible and inclusive, whilst the additional tables (Perceivable, Operable, and Understandable) break down the full WCAG 2.2 guidance into Essential and Recommended considerations for further investigation, as well as Automatic for those items that are already managed or available within Moodle.

For more information you can refer to the WCAG guidance available here:

Guidance

Do/Don't
Recommended Guidance
1
✔️
Do
ensure consistency of language, navigation, and identification
2
✔️
Do
use clear and concise instructions for any activity or required input
3
✔️
Do
provide information to help students navigate content
4
✔️
Do
provide definitions and pronunciation for complex terminology and subject specific language
5
✔️
Do
provide additional formats for information where possible
6
✔️
Do
ensure any animation can be disabled
7
✔️
Do
ensure any pages can be navigated through a keyboard
8
✔️
Do
ensure that any shortcut keys can be switched off or only used when that element is in focus
9
✔️
Do
ensure links are relevant and named appropriately
10
✔️
Do
use pre-formatted heading options (Heading 1, Heading 2 etc.) rather than bold, italic
11
✔️
Do
refer to the DRC course creating accessible materials (link below)
12
✔️
Do
provide captions with video
13
✔️
Do
provide an accurate text transcription of video and audio content
14
✔️
Do
provide a text alternative where sensory characteristics are used (e.g. images/video/audio)
15
Don’t
allow users to be removed from the current page without warning
16
Don’t
communicate using unnecessary, overly complex language
17
Don’t
have more than 3 continuous flashes in a one second period on any visual material
18
Don’t
add images without a description (alt text)
19
Don’t
add video or audio without a text alternative
20
Don’t
rely on colour only to convey information
There are no rows in this table

Discover more support and guidance using the resources below:

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- Guidance and Support for using Moodle at Cambridge

- How to enable automatic live captions for Students
- How to write accessible equations for students

1. Perceivable

Information and user interface components must be presentable to users in ways they can perceive.

Guidance
Priority
WCAG Rating
WCAG Reference
1
Contrast
Automatic
AAA
1.4.3
2
Resize Text
Automatic
AA
1.4.4
3
Audio Control
Automatic
A
1.4.2
4
Reflow
Automatic
AA
1.4.10
5
Non Text Content
Essential
A
1.1.1
6
Audio Only and Video Only
Essential
A
1.2.1
7
Captions (pre-recorded)
Essential
A
1.2.2
8
Audio Description or Media Alternative
Essential
A
1.2.3
9
Info and Relationships
Essential
A
1.3.1
10
Meaningful Sequence
Essential
A
1.3.2
11
Sensory Characteristics
Essential
A
1.3.3
12
Use of Colour
Essential
A
1.4
13
Captions (live)
Recommended
AA
1.2.4
14
Identify Input Purpose
Recommended
AA
1.3.5
15
Images of Text
Recommended
AA
1.4.5
16
Text Spacing
Recommended
AA
1.4.12
17
Content on Hover or Focus
Recommended
AA
1.4.13
There are no rows in this table

2. Operable

User interface components and navigation must be operable.

Guidance
Priority
WCAG Rating
WCAG Reference
1
Keyboard Accessible
Automatic
A
2.1.1
2
Timeouts
Automatic
AAA
2.2.6
3
Bypass Blocks
Automatic
A
2.4.1
4
Reflow
Automatic
AA
1.4.10
5
No Keyboard Trap
Automatic
A
2.1.2
6
Character Key Shortcuts
Automatic
A
2.1.4
7
Pointer Cancellation
Automatic
A
2.5.2
8
Re-authenticating
Automatic
AAA
2.2.5
9
Timing Adjustable
Essential
A
2.2.1
10
Pause, Stop, Hide
Essential
A
2.2.2
11
Three Flashes or Below Threshold
Essential
A
2.3.1
12
Page Titled
Essential
A
2.4.2
13
Focus Order
Essential
A
2.4.3
14
Link Purpose (In Context)
Essential
A
2.4.4
15
Headings and Labels
Essential
AA
2.4.6
16
Focus Appearance (Minimum)
Essential
AA
2.4.11
17
Page Break Navigation
Essential
A
2.4.13
18
Pointer Gestures
Essential
A
2.5.1
19
Label in Name
Essential
A
2.5.3
20
Dragging Movements
Essential
AA
2.5.7
21
Target Size (Minimum)
Essential
AA
2.5.8
22
Keyboard (No Expection)
Recommended
AAA
2.1.3
23
No Timing
Recommended
AAA
2.2.3
24
Interruptions
Recommended
AAA
2.2.4
25
Three Flashes
Recommended
AAA
2.3.2
26
Animation from Interactions
Recommended
AAA
2.3.3
27
Multiple Ways
Recommended
AA
2.4.5
28
Location
Recommended
AAA
2.4.8
29
Link Purpose (Link Only)
Recommended
AAA
2.4.9
30
Focus Enhanced
Recommended
AAA
2.4.12
31
Motion Actuation
Recommended
A
2.5.4
32
Target Size (Enhanced)
Recommended
AAA
2.5.5
33
Concurrent Input Mechanisms
Recommended
AAA
2.5.6
There are no rows in this table

3. Understandable

Information and the operation of the user interface must be understandable.

Guidance
Priority
WCAG Rating
WCAG Reference
1
Error Identification
Automatic
A
3.3.1
2
Error Prevention
Automatic
AA
3.3.4
3
Error Prevention - All
Automatic
AAA
3.3.6
4
Accessible Authentication
Automatic
A
3.3.7
5
Redundant Entry
Automatic
A
3.3.8
6
Error Suggestion
Automatic
AA
3.3.3
7
Language of Page
Automatic
A
3.1.1
8
Language of Parts
Automatic
AA
3.1.2
9
On Focus
Essential
A
3.2.1
10
On Input
Essential
A
3.2.2
11
Consistent Navigation
Essential
AA
3.2.3
12
Consistent Identification
Essential
AA
3.2.4
13
Consistent Help
Essential
A
3.2.6
14
Labels or Instructions
Essential
A
3.3.2
15
Unusual Words
Recommended
AAA
3.1.3
16
Abbreviations
Recommended
AAA
3.1.4
17
Reading Level
Recommended
AAA
3.1.5
18
Pronunciation
Recommended
AAA
3.1.6
19
Change on Request
Recommended
AAA
3.2.5
20
Visible Controls
Recommended
AA
3.2.7
21
Help
Recommended
AAA
3.3.5
There are no rows in this table
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